The three main symptoms of ADHD - hyperactivity, inattention and impulsivity - can be different and may not all occur simultaneously.
Characteristic are the following behavioral problems;
*Hyperactive children and adolescents
*Fidget constantly with hands and feet or slip around on the chair
*Generally behave very restless
*Have trouble being quiet
*Are constantly on the move, running and climbing around in inappropriate situations
*Talk incessantly in between (so-called "speech dysentery")
*Are unable to concentrate or to be more attentive
*Are easily distracted and have no endurance when playing or completing tasks
*Are overly forgetful; have difficulty organizing tasks and activities
Do not complete orders completely, e.g. Eg schoolwork
Often burst out with answers before a question has been quitcan not wait to get their turnconstantly bursting into conversations or games of otherstalk rashly, much and uncheckedare in everything that needs to be done very jumpy and not reliable In order for ADHD to be truly effective, the behavioural problems must occur over a longer period of time, at least six months, and have been observed at preschool age.
Parents of ADHD children often report that they have observed behavioral abnormalities in the development of their children at a very early age. This fact makes it even more valid that ADHD is not the result of false education but a condition for which there is a hereditary inclination.
Following are behavioural problems of ADHD children in the different stages of development. As a reminder: These abnormalities can be individually very different and do not necessarily occur in any case.
It is believed that ADHD children can already be noticed as "writing babies" in infancy - with unusually long crying phases. Often, motor restlessness, eating and sleeping disorders, refusal of body contact and imbalance of infants are reported.
The children stand out because of their restless activity urge. Low stamina when playing, defiant behavior, motoric awkwardness and as a result frequent injuries and accidents. Even in infancy, these behavioral problems can lead to a child with ADHD quickly encountering rejections from peers of the same age and unable to develop stable friendships.
The ADHD-typical behavioral disorders often show themselves particularly clearly only at the beginning of school. Children with an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder cannot sit still for long. They are quickly distracted, constantly moving, and often disturbed by lessons. It is also characterized by a low frustration threshold, rapid irritability and the inability to concentrate longer on tasks. Thus, despite normal intelligence, there are often learning and performance problems. At the same time, many children with ADHD suffer from further learning disabilities, such as reading, spelling, or arithmetic problems that increase school problems. This not only initiates a "negative school career", but the children experience frustrating, often traumatic experiences that can affect the rest of their lives.
Adolescents with ADHD are more likely to experience hyperactive behavioral disorders. The focus is on attention deficits and a lack of self-organization skills. These adolescents often try to numb their inner restlessness by exposing themselves to strong external stimuli (such as loud music, excessive computer games) or consciously seeking danger and confrontation. In addition, refusal of performance and aggressive behavior beyond the normal level in adolescence are characteristic. Also in the development of their social competence, adolescents with ADHD show strong deficits towards their healthy peers. If these disorders and their effects are not detected in time, these adolescents will not be able to express healthy self-esteem. They are prone to depression and anxiety - consequences that can be avoided by timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Inattention is one of the core symptoms of ADHD. Affected individuals find it difficult to focus on one task. They are easily distracted.
Children with ADHD usually show behavioral problems in their first five years of life. Often the ADHD symptoms refer to several areas of life, such as behavior in kindergarten or at school, at home in the family or at leisure, such as when playing with other children. Not all children show the same degree of ADHD.
The children's ADHD symptoms are divided into three main areas:
*Inattention: attention deficit, attention deficit disorder, lack of concentration
*Hyperactivity: excessive activity, fidgeting, motor restlessness
*Impulsivity: impatience, careless and careless behavior, disturbed impulse control However, not every small bundle of energy or every whirlwind is equally hyperactive and suffers from ADHD. That children are not always attentive, want to move a lot and are sometimes impatient, is actually quite normal. In children with ADHD, however, they reach a level that no longer corresponds to the level of development and age. They are thus clearly different from their peers.
Children with an attention disorder are easily distracted, have difficulty concentrating, break off activities and avoid situations in which they are challenged. ADHD symptoms are particularly pronounced when they are required to perform certain tasks and comply with rules, or are in demand for a longer period of time. These include, for example, school lessons, homework or eating together at the family table, where the child should sit longer. Here he often lacks the long breath. Depending on your age, ADHD symptoms can be very different. Some examples of situations where children with ADHD have problems:
*At homework or at school, they make careless mistakes and do not pay attention to specific details.
*They do not seem to listen when others talk to them.
*They are very receptive to other stimuli from the outside and their distractibility is increased, they suffer from a lack of concentration and a lack of concentration.
*They have difficulties in planning and structuring tasks.
*If they are to arrange something, chaos usually comes out.
*They appear restless, hyperactive, and jump quickly, frequently, and unpredictably back and forth between different actions.
*In class, they are often small troublemakers, because they talk constantly, interrupting others and thus disrupt the teaching structure; also they speak overly loud and hastily. ADHD forgetfulness is not uncommon: children lose things that they need for their jobs, such as their sports gear or writing utensils.
*They are often very defiant, do not accept rules and regulations - neither in the family or playgroup nor in school*Your social behavior towards others is unpredictable; because of their behavioral problems, they have no lasting friendships with other children and are mostly outsiders.
*Their emotions go up and down, they have little frustration tolerance, tend to irritability and outbursts of anger, they are aggressive and impulsive; often their self-confidence is cracked.
*Her facial expressions, gestures and body language are often not appropriate to the situation.
*Her writing skills are impaired and her typeface often illegible.
*Often they have a learning disability and partial performance disorders: They acquire, for example, the language noticeably early or late or suffer from a reading and spelling weakness (dyslexia) or a dyscalculia (ADHD dyscalculia).*Because of their big learning problems and lack of concentration, they often sit and repeat a class.
*You have an increased risk of accidents because they are very clumsy. But even in their spare time, the signs of ADHD become noticeable: children often do not like games that they need to concentrate on. They also prefer to make painting or crafting, where they need patience. They have little endurance, are fast enough and prefer to devote to other things.
More than half of the people who had ADHD as children and adolescents also show behavioral problems as adults or are hyperactive. Adults then experience considerable difficulties in everyday life, work, family and partnership.
*Adolescents and adults may experience the following ADHD symptoms:
*They are inattentive, have no desire for performance, behave appositionally and aggressively.
*They are erratic, careless, inwardly hyperactive and restless.
*You have concentration problems and are forgetful.
*It is difficult for them to plan tasks meaningfully, execute them and terminate them; important tasks postpone them until they can no longer work.
*Your self-esteem has suffered.*They are impulsive, aggressive and suffer from quick irritability and hot temper.
*Depression and anxiety can develop.
*Their friendships and ties in the private and professional environment are casual and unstable.
*They seek the proximity of fringe groups because they themselves are outsiders. They often become delinquent and are inclined towards alcohol and other drugs.
*They are extremely risk-takers and therefore often involved in accidents.
*They develop eating disorders like anorexia nervosa or bulimia.
*Pregnancy at a young age is not uncommon.
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is without the key symptom of hyperactivity, which is particularly noticeable and disturbing. ADS usually affects girls ("ADD dreamer type") and is often discovered late. ADS is not only negative, but sufferers often have an incredible wealth of ideas, are artistically creative, enthusiastic, and helpful and are true justice fanatics!
The following points are also related to ADD:
*You experience violent mood swings, with their feelings it goes up and down.
*They are often inwardly restless and agitated, discontented and dissatisfied with themselves and the world.
*They can organize themselves and their everyday life very badly, lose a lot of time with rummaging and the time out of sight, are unpunctual and forgetful.
*Their performance is unsatisfactory, although they make an incredible effort and effort.
*They cannot remember things badly and with their endurance and concentration they are not in the best of hands.
*They have problems with hearing and seeing, speak loudly and hastily, change their gaze quickly, show uncoordinated movements.
*They do not enter into lasting friendships and relationships.
*Their addictive behavior is often extreme and they consume too much sweets, coke, coffee or later cigarettes.Sometimes they develop constraints, for example, they often buy in substantial quantities or compulsively sort things, such as sweaters for colors in the closet.
*They chew on the nails and tend to self-injurious behavior.
*They develop fears and depressions; so it is difficult for them to deny their everyday life or work.
*If you suspect ADHD on the basis of the symptoms described above, seek out an experienced child and adolescent psychiatrist. Only he can correct the ADHD diagnosis.