ADD stands for attention deficit syndrome or attention deficit disorder. Children with ADHD are also hyperactive. In English-speaking countries, this phenomenon is called ADD or ADHD (Attention Deficit (Hyperactivity) Disorder). The World Health Organization (WHO) rates ADHD as "behavioral and emotional disorders beginning in childhood and adolescence". Most scientists believe this is a brain metabolism disorder. There are also children who show hyperactivity and other typical ADD symptoms for other reasons. ADS is not a new phenomenon: Already in the 19th century, the ADS syndrome, which was not yet called that way, has been described by scientists. Even 150 years after the publication of the "Fidget Philip" reminds some mothers and some fathers of their own children.
There can be no clear answer to this question, as there are very different types of ADS: some people are easily affected and get along more or less well with their predisposition. They certainly would not call ADS a disease, but rather a different way of seeing and responding to the world. Other people are severely affected, suffer significantly and need help. In this case, ADS has disease value. ADS would not make you sick if society accepted these people as they are and adjusted to their specifics. Since this is not the case, it is up to the ADD sufferers themselves as well as those who care for children with ADD, to make life with ADS as pleasant as possible.
Most ADDs are associated with hyperactivity. These behaviors are signs of hyperactivity and increased impulsivity:
In addition, the following conditions must be met for the "ADS with or without hyperactivity" diagnosis: ·
ADS occurs in different forms. The American Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Psychiatric Disorders (DSM IV) describes three subtypes of attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder:
Attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type; Attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder, predominantly inattentive type; Attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder, combined typeChildren who are predominantly inattentive usually do not show the motor restlessness typical of hyperactivity. ADHD without hyperactivity ("hypo activity", "dreamer variant") usually becomes a problem only at school when affected children become aware of increasing concentration problems. They seem to have a hard time memorizing, reading, writing and calculating slowly and often seem absent-minded.DiagnosisAn ADS diagnosis is always an exclusion diagnosis. The exclusion of other causes and the sum of many individual observations over a longer period of time increase the likelihood that ADS is present. ADS cannot be proven by a blood test, an EEG or any other medical or psychological test. "AD / HS is a medical diagnosis. But currently it cannot be proven by any medical test. "Nothing has changed to this day.
Root cause For unknown reasons ADS should lead to poor circulation in certain brain areas. This has the consequence that responsible for the transmission of stimuli messenger substances (dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin) are released in insufficient amount and / or degraded too quickly. Above all, the signal transmission from the frontal brain to lower-lying brain structures seems to be disturbed. In addition, it is believed that the motor disquiet of hyperactive children is an attempt to stimulate the circulation and to balance the messenger metabolism. However, what is the cause and what is the effect is unclear: Perhaps the measurable processes in the brain are not the cause, but the result of psychic processes.Treatment The best results can be achieved through a combination of different therapeutic measures.
Treatment with stimulants In Germany, psych stimulants were first used in the 1970s for the treatment of hyperkinetic syndrome (HKS). For a number of years, the media has been reporting a lot about Ritalin and related medications (Medicine, Equity), but not everything is true.
If Ritalin works, it does not prove that ADD / ADHD is present.Ritalin has a stimulating effect. The active ingredient methylphenidate stimulates blood circulation in the brain. About 80 percent of those treated with stimulants will be calmer and will be able to concentrate better. The motor restlessness decreases, the impulsiveness decreases and the concentration range increases. In many cases, the fine motor skills improve, resulting in a better handwriting. However, these behavioral changes are not permanent: once the body has broken down the medication, the child is just as unfocused and / or restless as before. Drug treatment of attention deficit syndrome should therefore always be accompanied by therapeutic offers. Any medication that works also has undesirable effects. The most common side effects of stimulants are loss of appetite and insomnia.
Some parents report that their child seems to be no longer interested in anything and that creativity and self-image suffer. High dosages can increase nervousness, heartbeat, and headache. Serious damage has not yet been detected. However, studies on the long-term effects of stimulants are still pending.
The administration of stimulants for behavioral problems is frequently discussed controversially. In some cases, it seems appropriate to facilitate the life of the child and their social environment through medication. On the other hand, there are cases where it is prescribed too fast and without additional therapies. First and foremost, therefore, should be comprehensive diagnostics, including psychosocial factors. What else can it be? The symptoms described above need not be ADS-related.
A lively and lively child does not have to be hyperactive right away. But it could be a signal, because hyperactivity and ADHD are usually related.A alive and lively child does not have to be hyperactive right away. But it could be a signal because hyperactivity and attention deficit disorders are usually related. In addition to the "Fidget Philipp", the hyperactive-impulsive form, there is also the form in which the attention disorder is stronger. It is more common in girls and is known as a "dream girl". Are you familiar with these signs? We have five tips that structure and facilitate your child's everyday life: